One of the key components of the Create Stage in Video Production is Editing.
Knowing when to make a cut, a dissolve or transition, when to add graphics, music, sound effects all comes down to the talent of the video editor.
The Edit Process itself really has 5 Stages:
- Logging — Logging is when editors see the footage for the first time. They log it and arrange the clips into bins (or folders), since it is often out of sequence, to make it easier to find specific shots during the editing process.
- First Assembly — Once the editors have reviewed and logged all the footage, they start to reassemble it into storytelling blocks. There may be multiple version of the same footage, so the footage is grouped for easy access. The blocks follow the script.
- Rough Cut — This is the phase when editors take the assembled blocks and make some choices. They cut the project into a rough form, often with some variations to consider. This is the first draft of the video or film. It may have placeholder information for graphics or titles. It usually contains a "dummy narrator" who has read a scratch track of the script so that one can see how the program is taking shape. Rough Cuts may also contain fades and dissolves or other transitions to give the idea of how the scenes flow from one shot to the next. This is usually the stage where the client gets to review the program and get a pretty good idea of where the video is heading. Changes at this point need to be carefully determined and discussed, as they can get quite costly after this initial approval stage.
- Fine Cut — The fine cut is the next version of the program that has taken into account all the changes, modifications and instructions by all parties, including the Editor, Director and Producers, and the end client. The fine cut focuses on the details of each and every scene in the First Cut. This the second and near finished version of the video. At this point, the editors and producers need to receive "Picture Lock" approval which means that there are no more substantial changes that can be made to the video. Picture Lock means that the timing of the show from start to finish will not change. The only changes at this point possible cannot change the length in either directions -
shorter or longer - without incurring additional editing and mastering expenses. Upon approval of the Fine Cut, additional sound mixing, closed captioning, and disc authoring can take place to make the program complete.
- Final Cut —Once the fine cut has been approved by all parties and finalized, the project is handed over to the sound department for sound effects and final audio mix. Closed captioning and formatting of the final video happens in conjunction with the sound mix. Then the project is final and ready for distribution.
To learn more about the production process, we invite you to visit our website or visit our Resource Center for a collection of articles and information on the production process. And as always, we're more than happy to talk with you to discuss your production or editing ideas - call us (703) 683-5305 or contact us.